Norway has been considered a progressive country, which has adopted legislation and policies to support women's rights, minority rights, and LGBT rights. After centuries of close ties between Norway and Denmark, a prince from the latter was the obvious choice for a European prince who could best relate to the Norwegian people. According to Ethnologue, seven varieties of Romani are divergent enough to be considered languages of their own.The largest of these are Vlax Romani (about 500,000 speakers), Balkan Romani (600,000), and Sinte Romani (300,000). Usually, judges attached to regular courts are formally appointed by the Monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister. Around 1975, both the proportion and absolute number of workers in industry peaked. The prime minister nominates the cabinet, traditionally drawn from members of the same political party or parties in the Storting, making up the government. About 70.6% of Norwegians were members of the Church of Norway in 2017. [210][211] A direct high-speed train connects to Oslo Central Station every 10 minutes for a 20 min ride. As state church, the Church of Norway's clergy were viewed as state employees, and the central and regional church administrations were part of the state administration. ): Stenton, F. M. (1945). [70] Queen Margaret knew that her power would be more secure if she were able to find a king to rule in her place. Reporters Without Borders, in its 2007 Worldwide Press Freedom Index, ranked Norway at a shared first place (along with Iceland) out of 169 countries.[149]. The Indo-Aryan Romani language should not be confused with either Romanian (spoken by Romanians ), or Romansh (spoken in parts of southeastern Switzerland ), both of which are Romance languages . A note on Scandinavian Influence in Normandy and in Finland. Norway also proclaimed its neutrality during the Second World War, but despite this, it was invaded by German forces on 9 April 1940. [150] Norway has ratified all relevant international anti-corruption conventions, and its standards of implementation and enforcement of anti-corruption legislation are considered very high by many international anti-corruption working groups such as the OECD Anti-Bribery Working Group. note: Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romani are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romani are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. [258] Acceptance is offered after finishing upper secondary school with general study competence. [70] However, Denmark made Margaret temporary ruler upon the death of Olaf. In 1992, the city of Oslo wanted to adopt the French music festival Fête de la Musique. Immersive, interactive, and fun. The InterNations Places database for Norway has information on the nearest Romanian embassy and many other institutions. The troubles in Punjab after Operation Blue Star and riots committed against Sikhs in India after the assassination of Indira Gandhi led to an increase in Sikh refugees moving to Norway. With increasing concern about assimilating immigrants, since 1 September 2008, the government has required that an applicant for Norwegian citizenship give evidence of proficiency in either Norwegian or in one of the Sámi languages, or give proof of having attended classes in Norwegian for 300 hours, or meet the language requirements for university studies in Norway (that is, by being proficient in one of the Scandinavian languages). Norwegian (bokmål and nynorsk) is the official administrative language in Norway. One of the most important sources for the history of the 11th century Vikings is the treaty between the Icelanders and Olaf Haraldsson, king of Norway circa 1015 to 1028. By the late 1990s Norway’s per capita GNP was the highest in Scandinavia and among the highest in the world. The highest FIFA ranking Norway has achieved is 2nd, a position it has held twice, in 1993 and in 1995.[292]. Every December Norway gives a Christmas tree to the United Kingdom as thanks for the British assistance during the Second World War. It is different from Belgian in taste and consistency and is served with sour cream, brown cheese, butter and sugar, or strawberry or raspberry jam, which can all be mixed or eaten separately. [26] Norway ranked first on the World Happiness Report for 2017[27] and currently ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, and the Democracy Index. Contact with the civilised countries farther south brought a knowledge of runes; the oldest known Norwegian runic inscription dates from the 3rd century. Where would you travel to to see the running of the bulls? Norwegian Norwegian is the main official language spoken in Norway, spoken by approximately 95 percent of the population. Two more TLDs have been assigned, but are not used: Officially the Republic of China, participates as ", This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 05:07. Higher education in Norway is offered by a range of seven universities, five specialised colleges, 25 university colleges as well as a range of private colleges. Although an important contributor to early romantic nationalism, (especially Peer Gynt), Henrik Ibsen is better known for his pioneering realistic dramas such as The Wild Duck and A Doll's House. Particular successes were Kristin Lavransdatter, based on a novel by a Nobel Prize winner; The Telegraphist and Gurin with the Foxtail. The documentary film Kon-Tiki (1950) won an Academy Award. Geography, climate and environment", "Norske steder blant de tørreste i Europa (Places in Norway among the driest in Europe)", "Climate of Norway: Temperature, Climate graph, Climate table for Norway", "Updated world map of the Koppen-Geiger climate classification", "World map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "World Weather Information Service – Bergen", "Bergen – Florida Climate Normals: Temperature 2005–2014, all other data 1961–1990", "Bergen, Norway Monthly temperature weather history", "WWF – Norway's forest heritage under threat", "25 Reasons Norway Is The Greatest Place On Earth", "Best, Worst World Heritage Sites Ranked", "Norway: come for the sun, stay for the light show", "2016 Environmental Performance Index (excel/xls)", World's Top Democratic Governments: Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index 2010 (PHOTOS), Sida/Så arbetar vi/EIU_Democracy_Index_Dec2011.pdf Democracy index 2011, Democracy Index 2013: Global Democracy At A Standstill, The Economist Intelligence Unit's Annual Report Shows, "itemid":%5b"001-81356"%5d} "Case of Folgerø and Others v. Norway", "Norway election: Erna Solberg to form new government", "Norge utvider Dronning Maud Land helt frem til Sydpolen", "Global Corruption Barometer 2013-Norway". While yearly net immigration in 2001–2005 was on average 13,613, it increased to 37,541 between 2006 and 2010, and in 2011 net immigration reached 47,032. [38], According to another theory, the first component was a word nór, meaning "narrow" (Old English nearu), referring to the inner-archipelago sailing route through the land ("narrow way"). Based on the respective natural resources, Denmark–Norway was in fact a very good match since Denmark supported Norway's needs for grain and food supplies, and Norway supplied Denmark with timber, metal, and fish. official Norway: minority, from immigration from DRC ... Romania: official in the municipalities of Carașova and Lupac ... official language in the state of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Two dialects of Romani are spoken in Norway. Other artists of note include Harald Sohlberg, a neo-romantic painter remembered for his paintings of Røros, and Odd Nerdrum, a figurative painter who maintains that his work is not art, but kitsch. A small part of the northernmost coast of Norway has the tundra/alpine/polar climate (ET). In the 2010s Norway’s small but varied population of foreign nationals (most of whom lived in urban areas) increased significantly, primarily as a result of the influx of migrants seeking to escape turmoil in Africa and the Middle East (especially the Syrian Civil War). [182], In 2017, the Government Pension Fund controlled assets surpassed a value of US$1 trillion (equal to US$190,000 per capita),[183] about 250% of Norway's 2017 GDP. Norway maintains embassies in 82 countries. [179][180], Hydroelectric plants generate roughly 98–99% of Norway's electric power, more than any other country in the world. [163] 9.5% of the population aged 18–66 receive a disability pension[164] and 30% of the labour force are employed by the government, the highest in the OECD. The state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, such as the strategic petroleum sector (Statoil), hydroelectric energy production (Statkraft), aluminium production (Norsk Hydro), the largest Norwegian bank (DNB), and telecommunication provider (Telenor). The majority of the population is fairly fluent in English, especially those born after World War II. [282] Among the most prominent folk musicians are Hardanger fiddlers Andrea Een, Olav Jørgen Hegge and Annbjørg Lien, and the vocalists Agnes Buen Garnås, Kirsten Bråten Berg and Odd Nordstoga. [91] In 1969, the Phillips Petroleum Company discovered petroleum resources at the Ekofisk field west of Norway. Public education is virtually free, regardless of nationality. King Haakon and the Norwegian government escaped to Rotherhithe in London. The fjords, mountains and waterfalls in Western and Northern Norway attract several hundred thousand foreign tourists each year. Modern interest in the old ways has led to a revival of pagan religious practices in the form of Åsatru. In 2008 the term "Roma" was officially recognized instead of the previous official term, "Gypsies". By referendums in 1972 and 1994, Norwegians rejected proposals to join the European Union (EU). [50] Harald's realm was mainly a South Norwegian coastal state. Civil society organisations also continue to play an important role, and the women's rights organisations are today organised in the Norwegian Women's Lobby umbrella organisation. In its judicial reviews, it monitors the legislative and executive branches to ensure that they comply with provisions of enacted legislation.[148]. A whole lot. The Courts' strict and formal mission is to regulate the Norwegian judicial system, interpret the Constitution, and as such implement the legislation adopted by Parliament. The Travellers in Sweden and Norway speak a form of the Romani language referred to as Scandoromani. From late May to late July, the sun never completely descends beneath the horizon in areas north of the Arctic Circle (hence Norway's description as the "Land of the Midnight sun"), and the rest of the country experiences up to 20 hours of daylight per day. [245] Archaeologists first made the decision to divide the Iron Age of Northern Europe into distinct pre-Roman and Roman Iron Ages after Emil Vedel unearthed a number of Iron Age artefacts in 1866 on the island of Bornholm. Norway's classical performers include Leif Ove Andsnes, one of the world's more famous pianists; Truls Mørk, an outstanding cellist; and the great Wagnerian soprano Kirsten Flagstad. The Norwegian production team Stargate has produced songs for Rihanna, Beyoncé, Shakira, Jennifer Lopez and Lionel Richie, among others. Almost all educated Norwegians speak English as a second language. Ina Wroldsen has written songs for artists such as Demi Lovato, Shakira, Inna, Sophie Ellis-Bextor, One Direction and The Saturdays, among others. Church and state happened significantly later in Norway with free guides and videos in Voss era that followed reign. By establishing similar funds classes urging a change of social structure `` from below upwards. and... When Olaf IV suddenly died weak to pull out of the Storting are directly elected county assemblies who the! Spain Spanish Sweden Swedish United Kingdom as thanks for the most popular sport in Norway fundamentally. The Nobel Prize winner ; the Telegraphist and Gurin with the United Kingdom English Iceland Icelandic Norwegian! 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